Calling themselves “Liberators” trying to save the Roman Republic way of government, Brutus and Cassius took a leading role in the assassination of Julius Caesar on March 15, 44 B.C

Caesar was very popular, and soon after the assassination, there was a uprising which force Brutus and Cassius to flee Rome.

In 43 B.C. Caesar’s nephew Octavian received his consulship from the Roman Senate,  he then declared the conspirators murderers. This led to the “ Liberators’ Civil War” .
Octavian and Mark Antony combined their troops and decisively defeated the armies of Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi.

The following  five coins were struck by their respective traveling military mints in 43-42 B.C.:

 

Brutus commemorates his assassination of Julius Caesar on the notorious Ides of March, 43-42 BC, with his portrait and the famous reverse of two daggers on this coin he had struck.

Obverse: BRVT IMP L PLAET CEST, head of Brutus right
Reverse: EID MAR, liberty cap and two daggers.

 

The reverse type refers to Brutus’ victories in Thrace and  is believed that these coins were struck from silver obtained from Polemocratia, the widow of the Thracian prince Sadala.

Obverse: COSTA LEG, laureate head of Apollo right
Reverse: IMP BRVTVS, Trophy composed of helmet, cuirass, figure-eight shield and two spears,IMP to left, BRVTVS to right.

 

Cassius, Lentulus Spinther, Moneyer, Military mint, probably at Smyrna, early 42 B.C.
C. Cassius Longinus and Lentulus Spinther, AR Denarius, 42 BC

Obverse; C. CASSI. IMP left, LEIBERTAS right, diademed and draped bust of Libertas right
Reverse : LENTVLVS SPINT in two lines below jug and lituus.

 

Cassius, Military mint, probably at Sardis,
C. Cassius Longinus / Crab, Roman Imperatorial AR Denarius, 42 BC

Obverse: Laureate head of Libertas right, C. CASSEI. IMP behind
Reverse: M. SERVILIVS LEG, crab holding aplustre in claws, rose beneath untied diadem.

 

Struck by M. Servilius Legate, at a military mint at Sardis.  The final issue of Cassius. This reverse type commemorates the capture of Rhodes by Cassius.
C. Cassius Loginus / M. Servilius Legate, AR Denarius, 42 B.C

Obverse: – C . CASSO . IMP., Diad. head of Liberty
Reverse: – MSERVILIVS . LEG, aplustre with branches terminating in flowers

 

Coin Replicas | Colonial coins with rifle by Gene Austin

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