Carthage Siculo-Punic. Circa 320-300 BC. AR Tetradrachm
Obverse: Female head, copied from the Arethusa of Evaentus, surrounded by dolphins; in front of neck., pellet.
Reverse: Horse, bust; behind, palm tree; below, Phoenician letter m
Diameter: 26 mm
Silver plated pewter
Carthage was one of a number of Phoenician settlements in the western Mediterranean that was created to facilitate trade from the cities of Sidon, Tyre and others from Phoenicia, which was situated in the coast of what is now Syria, Lebanon and Israel. In the 10 century B.C., the eastern Mediterranean shore was inhabited by various Semtic speaking populations, who had built up flourishing civilizations. The people inhabiting what is now Lebanon called their language Canaaite, but were referred to as Phoenicians by the Greeks. The Phoenician language was very close to ancient Hebrew, to such a degree that the latter is often used as an aid in translation of Phoenician inscriptions.