Antonius Pius was the adopted son of Emperor Hadrian. Roman emperor from 138 to 161 AD
He was the adoptive son of Hadrian and a member of the Antonine dynasty. Known for his peaceful and prosperous reign, Antoninus focused on internal consolidation and administrative efficiency. Despite his preference for diplomacy over military action, he faced a significant challenge in Britain.
The British rebellion he confronted took place around 142 AD. The specifics of the rebellion, including its leaders and precise causes, are not fully detailed in historical sources, but it was significant enough to disrupt Roman control in the region. Antoninus sent his capable generals to suppress the rebellion, who eventually restored order. In response to the unrest, Antoninus also ordered the construction of the Antonine Wall across what is now central Scotland, north of Hadrian’s Wall, to consolidate the frontier and prevent further incursions. This wall was a physical and symbolic representation of the Roman Empire’s northernmost reach under Antoninus Pius.
Struck 143-144 AD.
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right.
Reverse: BRITA-N-NIA, S C in exergue, Britannia seated left on a heap of rocks, holding the military standard in right hand and cradling spear in left arm leaning on round shield.
Diameter: 32 mm
Made in the USA
Packaged in a coin collecting flip with the description of the coin printed on the flip insert.