37 BC – Petillius Capitolinus Roman Republic Denarius

$ 17.00

Very rare.

In stock


Moneyer: Petillius Capitolinus – Republican moneyer, known only from his coins

Babelon: Petillia 1, Sydenham 1149, Sear Imperators 173, Crawford 487/1.

Very rare

BMC # 4217

Obverse: CAPITOLINVS, head of Jupiter right

Reverse: Hexastyle temple of Capitoline Jupiter, PETILLIVS below

The Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, also known as the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, was one of the most important and revered temples in ancient Rome. It was located on the Capitoline Hill and was dedicated to the Capitoline Triad: Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.

The temple’s origins date back to the early Roman Republic, with its construction initiated by Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth king of Rome, and completed by Tarquinius Superbus, the last king. It was officially inaugurated in 509 BC, marking a significant moment in Roman religious and political history.

The design of the temple was grand and imposing, reflecting its importance. It typically followed the Etruscan style.  The temple was adorned with terracotta sculptures and rich decorations. Over the centuries, it underwent several reconstructions due to damage by fire and other calamities, with each rebuild maintaining or enhancing its splendor.

The Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus was a religious center and a symbol of Rome’s power and prestige. It played a crucial role in public and state religion. Triumphal processions ended there, victorious generals offered their spoils, and it was the site of critical public speeches and gatherings.

In the late imperial period, the temple fell into disrepair and eventually was destroyed, like much of ancient Rome, in the wake of the empire’s decline. Only fragments and the temple’s foundation remain today, but its legacy endures as a symbol of ancient Roman religion and statecraft.

Diameter: 18 mm

Silver-plated lead-free pewter, hand-crafted in the USA

This coin is stamped on the reverse with the word copy.

It is packaged in a coin collecting flip with the description of the coin printed on the flip insert.


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